he academic and activist Ilham Tohti had fought for twenty years for Uyghur rights and to enhance a dialogue between the Uyghur and the Han Chinese, before he was sentenced to lifetime imprisonment for ’separatism in 2014. PEN/Opp has interviewed his daughter Jewher Ilham who was with him when he was arrested at Beijing Airport. Today she does not know whether her father is alive or not.
“My father was trying to be a peaceful bridge between Han Chinese and Uyghurs,” said Jewher Ilham. “He never advocated for independence, never advocated for violence.”
In this SAR Spotlight, we feature Jewher Ilham, the daughter of imprisoned Uyghur scholar Ilham Tohti. Professor Tohti is a world-renowned intellectual whose articles on the website Uighurbiz.net sought to promote reconciliation and dialogue between Han Chinese and Uyghurs in China. In 2014, he was sentenced to life imprisonment in connection to his teaching activities and writings. Ilham, who moved to the United States in 2013 to begin her undergraduate studies at Indiana University, has been working tirelessly for her father’s release ever since. She has accepted awards on his behalf and has met with numerous government officials, including U.S. President Donald Trump, and recently spoke at the United Nations General Assembly to discuss his case and Uyghur rights.
To amplify Ilham’s voice, story, and work to fight for her father’s freedom, we share her remarks from SAR’s 2019 Student Advocacy Days held at the New York University Center in Washington, D.C.
Ilham originally planned to come to the United States in February 2013 with her father, who had been invited to start a yearlong residency at Indiana University. As they arrived at the Beijing airport and handed over their passports, authorities detained Professor Tohti, and prevented him from leaving the country. Ilham, at just eighteen years old and with little knowledge of English, had to travel to Indiana alone knowing that she would not be able to safely return to China.
On January 15, 2014, police raided Professor Tohti’s home, arrested him, and held him incommunicado for five months. Professor Tohti was sentenced to life in prison on September 23, 2014, on a charge of separatism that stemmed from his teachings at Central Minzu University and writings published on his website, “Uighurbiz.net.” His sentencing was upheld on appeal.
“My father was arrested by the Chinese government for several reasons… He was charged with separatism and as a person advocating for violence, which is absolutely untrue. I assume that he was arrested … because my father is one of the few well-known Uyghur scholars who was living in Beijing… He spoke English, Chinese, Uyghur, all very fluently … so he had no barrier communicating with the outside world.”
Ilham discussed the need for widespread calls to action in addressing her father’s wrongful sentencing:
“For the past few years, I have tried almost every single thing I thought could possibly change the situation… I’ve almost tried every way… I don’t think there is one specific strategy that is most useful. The Chinese government is so unpredictable, you don’t know what will work… The only thing I can do is try every way – not just speaking to the US government, but also the whole world. With one country towards another country they might not listen, but [what] if the entire world is questioning [the Chinese government]?”
When asked to describe her father, Ilham shared:
“Some people call my dad a hero, some people call him a political activist, some call him a scholar… even a journalist. I hear lots of words. These might sound very correct to you all, but to me, he’s just my father. A simple man who tried to help people like his daughter, who are Uyghurs. They have their own family. They are innocent people who just deserve a very good life… The name that I really don’t like is “political activist.” I don’t consider my father a political activist… In my opinion, my dad was simply trying to help, sharing his research, sharing what he was working on, and what he knew about Uyghurs and Han Chinese. I don’t think what he was doing was activism. He’s just a simple man, a scholar, an intellectual, a father, a good man. A good man would be the best definition, I think.”
Jewher Ilham, the daughter of jailed Uyghur academic Ilham Tohti, is a graduate from Indiana University who has spoken out in support of his peaceful promotion of equal rights and greater autonomy for the Turkic speaking Uyghur ethnic group in northwest China’s Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR). Tohti, currently serving a life jail term for “separatism,” won the prestigious Martin Ennals Award 2016 for human rights, the Liberal International Prize for Freedom in 2017, and Freedom House’s Freedom Award in 2019. The jailed professor is also a nominee for the 2019 Sakharov Prize and the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize.
Ilham spoke to RFA about her father’s case and Beijing’s policies in the XUAR, where authorities are believed to have held more than 1.5 million Uyghurs and other Muslim minorities accused of harboring “strong religious views” and “politically incorrect” in a vast network of internment camps since April 2017. Ilham referred to the facilities as ‘concentration camps’—a term also used by U.S. Assistant Secretary of Defense Randall G. Schriver and the Uyghur exile community.…Read More
(Picture: Kamalturk Yalqun, Dr. Rishat Abbas are speaking with Congressman Chris Smith)
Kamalturk Yalqun is the General Secretary and Chairman of the Youth Committee for Campaign for Uyghurs.
Kamalturk’s Father, Yalqun Rozi, is a famous Uyghur scholar and literary critic. Yalqun Rozi was the chief editor of the Uyghur literature textbooks for middle school and elementary schools. He was sentenced for 15 years in 2018, two years after his arrest, for the “ideological problems” in the textbooks.
After his father’s arrest, Kamalturk became an activist in pursuit of his father’s release. The rapid deterioration and destruction of the basic human rights in East Turkestan and the imprisonment of millions of Uyghurs into concentration camps after his father’s imprisonment widened Kamalturk’s pursuits from the freedom for his father to freedom for the millions of Uyghurs languishing in the concentration camps.
Kamalturk ceaselessly attended protests, gave speeches at rallies and conferences to address the Uyghur human rights crisis. On February 8th at Grand Rapids, Kamalturk gave a speech in a rally against the visiting of Chinese ambassador Cui Tiankai. On March 31st, Kamalturk attended a Seminar on held by Ahmadiyya Muslim Community to address the perils of Uyghur Muslims in China. Kamalturk met with numerous Senators and Congressmen in person to address the Uyghur human rights crisis and the unjust treatment of his father.